Flies, typically considered a nuisance, exist in all regions of the United States. There are more than 240,000 different species of flies in the world. Approximately one-third of them, including mosquitoes and gnats, can be found in the United States.
The most common flies in Eastern Massachusetts and all of America are:
- The fruit fly—identified by a tan thorax and gray/black underbelly.
- The house fly—identified by four stripes on their abdomen.
- The cluster fly—identified by a dark gray color.
- The garbage fly—identified by a metallic color that is either green or blue.
- The stable fly—typically only exists around livestock.
The Anatomy of a Fly
A true fly has only one set of wings. The horsefly and a few other varieties of flies actually have mouth parts and can bite humans. That said, most other flies have a sponge-like mouth and can only drink up their food.
The Life Cycle of a Fly
All flies have a rapid rate of growth and go from egg to adult in about seven days. Maggots are just one stage in the early development of a fly. Maggots of some fly varieties, such as the Carrot Rust fly, can be a problem because they eat the roots of some vegetables.
Flies Are Disease-Carriers
All flies are known disease carriers, many of which can be transmitted to humans. Flies typically breed in garbage, excrement of animals and humans, sewers, compost piles, and any other place where matter is decaying. This enables them to pick up various kinds of diseases, which can be transmitted to people by biting or by landing on food, where the bacteria and viruses are released. Since flies are able to transmit disease so easily, it is necessary to seek insect control quickly. The diseases that they can carry include malaria, yellow fever, encephalitis, dengue fever, and more.
The Benefits of Flies
One benefit of flies is that they help reduce the population of other pests. They also help to break down carcasses and other decaying matter faster by preparing it to reenter the ground.
F&W Fly Management
Properly controlling flies includes not only killing the adults, but also destroying their eggs and larvae. Call a pest professional to manage to schedule your fly management service when you seem to have more flies than normal.